Student-Centered Approaches for My Curriculum

In the Student Centered Approach:  

  •  Instructional Strategies should meet the different needs and interests of students
  • Students learn more most effectively through experiences tailored to their needs
  • Students are Active NOT Passive Learners

Learner Centered Approaches I’d Use:

  •  Pragmatism – Flipped Classroom Approach
  • Constructivism – Cooperative Learning Approach
  •  Megacognition –  WebQuest Approach

OBJECTIVE: Students should be able to demonstrate advanced skills in the use of Word

Pragmatism Group and Experiential Learning

LEARNING OUTCOME

Students should be able to demonstrate their knowledge of the TRACK CHANGES feature in Word for a Group Editing project

Assignment (Flipped Classroom Approach)

Students watch the Microsoft Office Video below on their own
•   Students bring questions to class
•  Application of knowledge: In class students work in groups (10) to produce a final 10 page essay that incorporates TRACK CHANGES

Evaluation

Instructor emails individual students a form on their peers’ contribution to the project

http://www-tc.pbs.org/now/classroom/peer2.pdf

Students receive a rubric used for assessment for the group mark

Constructivism

Students create the knowledge, building new knowledge through group work

Learning Outcome

Students should be able to DESIGN their own SURVEYS on a given topic and execute their own research in WORD, (Using both graphic representations and written discourse) BY:

1. Collecting first-hand data, organizing and presenting the data.

2. Demonstrating the ability to import and reformat web images and create tables and charts.

Survey Assignment (Cooperative Learning Approach)

Read article individualy and post comments on GROUP BLOG
“Formatting a Paper-based Survey Questionnaire: Best Practices”
http://pareonline.net/pdf/v10n12.pdf

GROUP BLOG –  DISCUSSION:   Define your topics – what are the high level topics in your survey? What are the
secondary and tertiary topics?

Classtime to work in Google Docs with shared files to do the research and design a Survey

Evaluation

• Send instructor blog detaiing purpose of survey and the primary, secondary and tertiary topics for the survey
• Instructor gives formative feedback
• Students are given a checklist and rubric with which to focus their work
• Group emails checklist back  to instructor and receives feedback before completing final project in Google Docs

Megacognition

School in the Cloud
Be a mentor
Show me how you do that!   Ask students to solidify what they know

Learning Outcome

Students should be able to demonstrate their knowledge of formatting and inserting hyperlinks into a Word document.

Assignment (WebQuest Approach)

Sudents will check out WebQuest on steps to creating an instructional video in Windows Movie Maker, iMovie or other program to show the class.

In groups students will create the above instructional video

The assignment should demonstrate How to… Format a page, Insert a hyperlink into a document etc.

Dedicated class time to work on assignment and ask questions and clarify ideas

Evaluation

Peer Evaluation / Rubric Form

mgt.buffalo.edu/departments/mss/djmurray/mgs351/PeerEval.doc

How is Learning Improved /Cooperative Learning ?

The ability to work as a team towards a common goal is one of the main qualities that business leaders are looking for today in new hires.

Cooperative learning activities help students practice working in teams.

How is Learning Improved/ Flipped Classroom?

Students can pause, replay, and watch lectures/videos repeatedly at their convenience.

Instructors can devote more time to helping students develop synthesis and explore application during class time through: experiential exercises, etc.

How is Learning Improved/WebQuests?

WebQuests promote computer literacy and development of critical thinking skills, and accommodate diverse learning needs.

Focuses on using information rather than on looking for it, and  support/scaffolds learners’ thinking at the levels of analysis, synthesis, and evaluation.

Conclusion:

Students can follow DIFFERENT learning pathways to master the same core skills.

As an Instructor I need to find creative ways to make this happen.

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Flipping the Classroom Topic Post #3

Flipping the Classroom – what are the opportunities for you and your students?

  • You can work on individual problems that you now have extra time for in your class.
  • Students can watch the videos multiple times if they are have problems understanding something.
  • I only have to offer the video once to all the students.
  • Technology complements traditional teaching.
  • Teacher can also assign videos off the Internet.
  • In class students do the homework, which test their comprehension of the videos, allowing for more one on one time with students and allows them to collaborate on problem solving.
  • You find out what your students don’t know quicker.
  • You can use the latest trends in social media like VINE for students to deliver what they know to their classmates.

What a ‘flipped’ classroom looks like

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G_p63W_2F_4   PBS documentary

http://jonbergmann.com/multimedia/videos-of-jon-leading-sessions/ Jon Bergmann explanations of how the flipped classroom works

Questions to ask when using a flipped approach in the classroom:

  • What is the best way to use extra class time you now will have?
  • What are the best instructions I can provide on the flip video?

The videos have to be engaging for students, otherwise it just as bad as a boring lecture or uninteresting worksheets.

How to make a flip video

   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZRvmjjeZ9CA

  • knowmia.com to get content
  • Need content wide
  • Know your audience
  • Need to engage, bring things they are already understand
  • What do you want them to understand?
  • Make objective clear Short video
  • Need a green screen tape it to wall – Not a noisy background. Put charts, presentation items, etc. against it
  • Light behind camera
  • Beginning, middle and end
  • Being engaging
  • Can use iMovie, or movie maker in Windows to edit video and import movies from Internet

WebQuest on Microsoft Word: Teaching Advanced Features


1. WebQuest References

WebQuest Link

http://zunal.com/webquest.php?w=104525

Web Links

http://www.wpi.edu/Academics/ATC/Collaboratory/HowTo/Word/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4uWHDwSVmbM

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3q6fJATWjsI

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c2r2Q3JM0oQ

2. Ideas on how I would put together the WebQuest on:

Learning How to Use Some Advanced Features in Microsoft Word

Introduction:

In this WebQuest you will learn some advanced features of Microsoft Office Word.

You will do a variety of activites to increase your skills and knowlege of Word.

The Task –  Step1: 

Write a one page single spaced 12 font essay on a topic given to you by the instructor.

Now add the following to the essay: Tables, Styles, Hyperlinks, Custom Watermark, Embed images, spreadsheet, PowerPoint slide and links to files on your PC, such as audio or video clip

Explain the Process – Step 2:

In pairs exchange your document and comment on your partner’s document.

Write 2 paragraphs

1st paragraph did your partner do things differently than you? If so how, if not what would you change about the way you and/or your partner did things.

2nd paragraph. How hard was it to learn how to do the above steps? Do you feel confident that you know how to do it now? Explain your learning process to me: How did you learn how to do this assignment? What was the best way for you to learn the new concepts you needed for the assignment?

List other links you found useful to learn how to do Step 1.

Evaluation Process: Based on Rubric given to students that they can download as a PDF from my WebQuest

Conclusion: Ask the students what else they want to learn to do with Word.

Have them do an Internet search and supply the links to the instructor.


3. Planning

To do this WebQuest I searched online for ones out there already to see how relevant they are to what I want to teach. I also looked at Word tutorials and at YouTube videos explaining the concepts of the lesson. The research  do to do this topic is not that complicated, as there is lots of info on the topic on the Web. I think the objective of my WebQuest is more to get the students to think critically about the topic, by explaining their learning process to me, as well as critically reviewing their peers work. I also think the WebQuest I described is more student centered than the one I referenced above from the Internet.

I like the way the WebQuests are broken into the distinct sections, making it easy for students to click on the relevant link they need.

Response to Eva’s Comment on Memorization and Repetition

Memorization and Repetition  does have a place in learning. For example, in teaching Spanish it would be effective to have the students perform the action of the words they were trying to learn as they told a story, known as Total Physical Response (TPRS). Students act out and state from memory the words to Caperucita Roja (“Little Red Riding Hood”). This is a learner centered approach to teaching. The responsibility falls on the student to use the knowledge they already know (in English) to increase their Spanish vocabulary.

Choral repetition is also an effective way to teach pronunciation of words to ESL students.

I learned the alphabet, the times tables and vocabulary from memorization and it worked well.

Student Centered Approach

“When you make the finding yourself — even if you’re the last person on Earth to see the light — you’ll never forget it.”

The Student Centered Approach is committed to personalized learning.

“It is built on positive teacher-student relationships. It is grounded in reflection and revision, where performance assessment is designed to give students opportunities to practice, improve, and demonstrate their skills and knowledge.” 1

It is characterized by innovative methods of teaching which aim to promote learning in communication with teachers and other learners and which take students seriously as active participants in their own learning, fostering transferable skills such as problem-solving, critical thinking and reflective thinking.

One of the most critical differences between student-centered learning and teacher-centered learning is in assessment. In student-centered learning, students participate in the evaluation of their learning. This means that students are involved in deciding how to demonstrate their learning.

Questions:
  1. What are the implications for teaching methods?
  2. What are the implications for assessment practices?
  3. Critique some potential problems of the learner- centered approach?
  4. How can you implement student-centered learning in your classroom?
  5. Discuss the Stanford Study stats from the link below that demonstrate the impact of the student centered learning strategies on the achievement levels of students.

link to my article

1. http://www.edutopia.org/blog/a-case-for-student-centered-learning-bob-lenz

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